Booji Boy is the closest thing to a mascot DEVO has; he is a fictional character represented by Mark in a mask and described as "the spirit of infantile de-evolution".[1]
In concerts, Booji Boy would typically sing the last encore.

In early concerts, Booji (pronounced "boogie") had other fellow alter-egos; China Man, Clown, and Jungle Jim represented by Jerry, Bob1, and Jim respectively.

His father, General Boy, was the leader of the De-Evolutionary Army. His mother appears in an important role at the end of the home video game Adventures of the Smart Patrol .

History (Fiction)[]

Booji Boy, in DEVO fiction (as described in My Struggle),[2] is the frontman of DEVO. Although usually very nice to his audience (almost always closing an appearance with a speech about how great they've been), he is extremely pessimistic and even regards his birth as one of the worst moments of his life. He looks forward to the day when "normal" humans go extinct, often urging his followers to forcibly modify their DNA and then "kill all the normal people". (He abandoned these speeches after 1979, possibly due to brain damage (see below).

Although he is mysteriously mature (and very tall for a boy), he is infantile and usually resides in a crib.[3] The mask most see is not, in fact, the true form of Booji; few have seen him exposed. The Chinaman describes him as a handsome black-haired German man who has serious vision problems.

He worked alongside DEVO in the factory and performed with them in the club.

He was the courier of papers from the Chinaman to General Boy.

He was bound to a chair and stabbed in the abdomen by Gorj.

He is surprisingly irresponsible, often getting himself into extremely bad situations (sometimes due to the lack of oversight by General Boy). In 1978, he made the bad decision of sticking a fork into an operational toaster placed dangerously close to his crib. According to "Redeye Express", he suffered from sugar and caffeine addiction.

In 1979 he performed at some concerts with DOVE, the band of love.

In 1980, he placed his own head inside of a hydraulic press despite a clear warning from the General. (For all of 1980, his face was severely damaged.) Although he seemed to recover the next year, in 1982 he apparently began chewing on the remaining wounds; this resulted in wearing a cone-shaped anti-biting collar.

In 2006, he was beheaded by Osama Bin Laden, though even that has been unable to keep him down, because he returned in 2007 for DEVO's European tour, continuing thereafter to appear in concert to the present.

In 2010 he appeared in a video short urging spuds to reject the focus group blue domes. He wears his choir boy robe backwards and his mouth works. [*]

An excited Booji spread the "GOOD NEWS" about HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014 using a microphone and video toys supplied by DEVO. [4]

He has continued to appear at DEVO festival shows post-HARDCORE Tour.

Booji appears more corpulent in the 21st century.

He can play a keyboard, although he is usually limited to very simple tunes performed on a child's toy synth.

History (Real)[]

Booji Boy came into existence when Mark saw a strange-looking baby mask in a costume store in '74 or '75. He was one of DEVO's costumes through the very early years, and is the only surviving alter-ego after they abandoned the concept. He became a regular appearance at DEVO shows until 1988, singing the last encores.
(In 1980, his "crushed face" was created by inverting a mask and smearing it with Vaseline.) Also in 1980, he was interviewed on the Dr. Demento radio show, where he selected several tracks that were played. [1]
His name is spelled "Booji" in My Struggle and thereafter. Mark says He was laying out Letraset letters and had no "g" so the letter "j" was used instead.[5]

Booji Boy was pictured on the DEVO cover story for Synapse magazine in summer 1978.[6]

He makes an appearance in What I Know... Volume 1 - the 1987 book by Mark.

He went missing in 1989 to make room for the accommodation of DEVO's full-size discography. In the late-90s comeback tours, despite their retrospective "early years" setlist, he only appeared at the comeback Sundance Festival show known as Butch DEVO and the Sundance Gig. According to a fan who asked Mark about Booji's absence, he simply didn't feel like going onstage and being Booji at his age. The lack of Booji masks (which had begun to deteriorate severely) also contributed to this.

In 2004, Booji returned sporting a new mask (all originals were lost or falling apart and no identical ones were available). Booji was "beheaded" in 2006 by Osama Bin laden, and "Beautiful World" was sung by Jihad Jerry, however Booji returned in a replica mask for the 2007 European tour.

In 2010, "A Message From Booji Boy" 30 second short was made to tie in to the SFE color study but was unused. (Booji wore the same oval glasses live in 2009, including the 2009-11-09 show. This promo was taped before Mark lost his wedding ring at the Minnesota Zoo.)

In 2014 Booji appeared in four short videos on the internet, proselytizing to spuds about DEVO's upcoming Hardcore Tour.

In 2018, before the official release of their two-volume book, DEVO performed once live at the Burger Booglaloo festival. Mark said John Waters persuaded him to appear with DEVO again.
Booji Boy hand wrote his forward to DEVO: The Brand (2018).

In 2019, DEVO performed one show at the Desert Daze festival in Lake Perris, California. The October 12th show was Mark's last appearance as Booji before he contracted Covid.

In 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024 Booji Boy made multiple live appearances closing out DEVO gigs.

My Struggle[]

Mothersbaugh, as Booji Boy,[7] wrote a book entitled My Struggle. The title is a parody of Mein Kampf and the book featured a small red leatherette cover as a poke at Chairman Mao Zedong's little red book.

In the first printing of 700 copies, some variations exist in the approximately 350 bound by Robert J. Sigmund (rjs) and the ones Mark had bound.
RJS used "beehive frame nails bent over" and often included a red "prayer book" style bookmark.[8][9] The front and back covers are blank.
The poet and publisher RJS explains why a small amount were bound with yellow covers at the Devo-Obsesso website.[10] Seven of Booji Boy’s books were known to have been bound with yellow covers in 1978. There are now also alternatives to authentic editions.[11]
Mark had "MY STRUGGLE", "BOOJI BOY" printed in gold on the front cover of several books.[12] "rjs" said these are slightly smaller than the ones he bound. Some are hard to open all the way. Some were later inscribed with personalized messages by Booji.[13][14] Other differences include endpaper color. The book is 300 pages in length - including the front and back covers.

The June 8, 1979 WB promotional magazine "WAXPAPER!" includes an ad for "My Struggle" by Booji Boy. [15][16][17]

My Struggle is no longer in print but can be downloaded online. [18][19][20]
The table of contents is listed at "Book Details" at

Excerpts from the book can also be found hidden in Devo's CD-ROM game Adventures of the Smart Patrol.

My Struggle has been reviewed online [21] and in noted multimedia zines including Beautiful World [22] and THE OVOFILE.[23][24]

My Struggle may be available at a library near you. [25]

The Mask[]

In 1975, DEVO apparently obtained a huge amount of Booji masks in Ohio which lasted them until '88. (Some were damaged intentionally in 1980 for the "severe injury" act.) In the 90s, these full-head latex rubber masks began to deteriorate and were unusable live.
In 2004, alternate masks that somewhat resembled Booji were obtained, and a more accurate reproduction was made for the 2007 European tour.

According to a September 2017 article Mark's original Booji Boy masks are now "melted" and their "final remains" repose in a plastic bin at Mutato Muzika. In the accompanying video tour of Mutato Muzika, Mark opens the plastic bin and laughs "this is what happened to Booji Boy."

Currently, Booji Boy masks are produced by "SikRik Masks in Akron, Ohio under the supervision of DEVO, Inc. and Booji Boy. [26]

The licensed mask has been produced in many sculpts. The first version was in a limited edition of 100 and sold out in 2012. In 2013 the v2.0 mask was announced. [2] The 2nd Version Sculpt was circa 2014.[3]
The next mask was announced and was made in 2020. "DEVO Booji Boy Mask Unboxing: NEW Factory Made Version!" - video made and uploaded to YouTube by Michael Pilmer.
“Each original mask design is hand sculpted, hand molded, hand poured, hand trimmed and hand painted by SikRik Studios." Some fans wear them often.[4]



In the early days, Booji simply wore whatever the band was wearing. Before DEVO standardized their look, photos show Booji in a "Reverse Evolution" tank top and basketball shorts. In time, Booji's outfit changed to a more unique item. From 1988 on, with few exceptions, Booji has worn a choir boy robe.
a partial list of some outfits and shows:
  • 1975
    • 1975-04-04 "Boogie Boy, China Man, Jungle Jim, & The Clown" perform before two consecutive showings of the film Pink Flamingos directed by John Waters. [27]
    • 1975-09-31 "Booji Boy, The Clown, Jungle Jim and The Chinaman" [28] wore blue worksuits at the WHK Auditorium (WMMS-FM Halloween Party), Cleveland, OH [29]
  • 1976
    • Blue worksuit.
    • Silver metallic jumper accessorized with a folding crib.
  • 1977
    • 1977-08-03 - White suspenders with high waisted white Gurkha shorts.
  • 1978 - Standard DEVO black undersuit (athletic shorts and T-shirt) with elbow and knee pads.
    • 1978-10-10 - White suspenders with high waisted white Gurkha shorts.
  • 1979
    • Red hooded sweatshirt
    • 1979-05-28 - White suspenders with high waisted white Gurkha shorts and with elbow and knee pads. [30] [31]
  • 1980 - Dark green raincoat (mask inverted)
  • 1981 - Plaid synthetic jumpsuit from "Beautiful World" video. *The Virgin records issue of the NT album featured "Boojie Boy"* on the front cover with DEVO.
(*This phonetic spelling of Booji Boy is included in the NT album inner/dust sleeve.)
  • 1982 - Floor-length tunic made from "Floating Spuds" shirt fabric, inverted Spudring worn as collar.
  • 1988-89 - Yellow and black choir boy robe with "Booji Boy" embroidered on front.
  • 1996
    • 1996-01-26 - Yellow and black choir boy robe with "Booji Boy" embroidered on front [32]
  • 1996-present - White and purple choir boy robe with orange "Booji Boy" embroidered on back.
  • 2007
    • European tour - Gaudy "Veezo wear" short-sleeved shirt and shorts outfit with rows of yellow and red dots, with matching brimmed cap. Also worn at the 2007-10-12 non-DEVO performance, with dark slippers and white athletic socks with black and orange bands.
  • 2008
    • Skull and crossbones baseball hat. A red baseball hat with a silver glitter skull and cross bones on the front and brim and another on the back. Worn at various concerts 2008 to 2010.
  • 2009
    • 2009-11-09 - The white and purple robe, oval glasses, and skull and crossbones baseball hat. Still attached to the hat's side is the store's anti-theft device.
  • 2010
    • August, September - Red brimless peaked hat with yellow feather, translucent green framed glasses, black and white "(praying) hands club" oversize sequined T-shirt, green plaid shorts, short black socks, white slippers. T-shirt has large mirrored letters D E V O hung on the back.
  • 2011
    • 2011-03-20 - Faux fur white hooded robe with internal lights and red outline of "heart" symbol on the back. Made by The King's Light Up Coats & Royal Robes See photo by Rachel Lee
    • 2011-06-16 - Gaudy short-sleeved shirt and shorts outfit with stripes of black, beige, and off-white dots. Pink slip-on shoes with white spots and rolled-down black socks.
  • 2012
    • 2012-05-13 - White-framed glasses, T-shirt with airbrushed anthropomorphic unicorn on front, black shorts.
    • Australia/New Zealand tour - "CHIMP MURCH" altered T-shirt, worn for about 3 shows in December 2012 .
  • 2014
    • HARD CORE DEVO Tour - Booji-sized pink hooded "FOOFA" pajamas with zip-off feet. Officially licensed Yo Gabba Gabba! wear. A black elastic eyeglass holder secures Booji's glasses.

Although as old as the hills but as yet unborn, "Booji Boy's Funeral" plays as Booji enters with a 4-wheeled "rollator" walker and then sits on its cargo seat to perform "U Got Me Bugged" solo.

  • 2018
    • 2018-06-30 - Booji wears prescription glasses and a fat penguin costume over his custom orange DEVO jumpsuit. It inflates with a small fan. He also generates noise from a circuit bent device in a square yellow cigar box worn suspended from a black strap around his neck.

After Jerry sings the first verse, Booji performs "Beautiful World" - for the first time in five years- and then "The Girl Can't Help It", a Little Richard song featured in the film "Pink Flamingos." He also eulogizes the performer Divine, who acted in several John Waters movies.

  • 2019
    • 2019-10-12 - Booji wears Mothersbaugh Eyewear reflective frames, a muted pink geometric-pattern short-sleeved button-up shirt, two wristbands on his left wrist (one yellow and one black), and orange pants. He uses a modified blue Jupiter T device attached to a black strap around his neck to perform a mutated synth solo.

After Jerry sings the first verse, Booji emerges from the side of the stage to finish "Beautiful World." He then reveals a "RIPBOB2" license plate worn around his waist as well as a black fanny pack full of bouncy balls, which he throws at the audience.

Boardshorts with vertical stripes of colored dots. Blue “00” numbered jersey "BOOJI BOY" on back. Dark fanny pack. Dark socks, light-colored slip-on loafers.
Gear – wireless microphone, rubber balls, prescription eyeglasses.
  • 2022
    • 2022-05-18 - Jerry announces it’s Booji Boy’s birthday. -
Booji wears prescription eyeglasses with dark frames, a light blue hat with light pinstripes and front embroidered “NY.” The purple/burgundy red and white choir robe zippered at front. Small white embroidered treble clef on front and large orange embroidered “Booji Boy” on back. Yellow wristband.
His gear includes a black wireless microphone with burgundy red head and a box of handouts.
  • 2023
    • 2023-08-19 - Booji wears "Veezo wear" short-sleeved shirt and shorts outfit with rows of dark dots and dark socks in light colored slippers.
His gear includes 3-D glasses over prescription glasses and a wireless microphone. He also uses Mark's synth.
Booji also has been seen in a silver metallic suit at some '70s performances, in the music video for "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction", and in the "Tunnel of Life" interstitial film.



With DEVO[]



  • "Booji Boy Announces HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014!"    (Online-only promotional videos. [2014]).
Part 1 of 4. [34]
Part 2 of 4. [35]
Part 3 of 4. [36]
Part 4 of 4. [37]

See Also[]


  1. Jesse Nash. "Mark Mothersbaugh: After Kent State Everything Is DEVO". Interview. Indie Report. East Coast Rocker. (1988, October 26).

    He “...represents the infantile spirit of Devo-lution and to have Boogie Boy getting in trouble was strictly par for the course.
    A couple years later he was in a video where he put his head in a tire press and had his head smashed off. He then turned into Planet Playpal at the end of yet another video. He re-emerged as Boogie Boy again after that. He represents the young and the curious which can be found in every generation.” - Mark (1988)

    - booji boy



  3. Michael Snyder. “Rock & Roll Will Never Die, It’ll Just Devolve”. Berkeley Barb. p10. (1977, October 21-27). Illustration: Ted Richards. Photos: Chester Simpson.

    “...Booji Boy, Mark’s alter ego as the prophet and product of DEVO. When he dons the baby-faced Booji Boy mask, Mark, like any decent shaman, truly becomes this being. Booji Boy is modern man regressing to infantilism so that he might start anew...”

  4. DEVO @ DEVO - 29 April 2014 tweet.

  5. @ClubDEVO. "Ever wonder how Booji Boy got its spelling? Learn more about Devo's 50 years as a band with the new YouTube series, 50 Years of De-Evolution: Exploring Devo's Band Archives." Facebook Reel. Facebook. (2023).

    Cover photo: Bruce Conner.
    Cover article: Pat Gleeson. “DEVO: Are They Not Men? Spudboys speak Up”. Synapse: international electronic music. Volume 2, Number 6. May/June 1978. pp26-28.
    Front Cover.
    Table of Contents.
    DEVO Article.

  7. Booji Boy. (author page)
    Open Library. Internet Archive.

  8. Photo of first edition (summer 1978) including red ribbon bookmark.

  9. Photo of first edition including red ribbon bookmark.

  10. "My Struggle by Booji Boy: 1st Pressing - No title on cover". Other Paper Items. (From

  11. This small yellow book listed at Worthpoint may possibly be an alternative to those seven authentic books, or not. The bookseller says the book is bound by two staples, not beehive frame nails, the cover appears to be vinyl, the pages are mimeographed and photocopied, not printed, and "pages 131-206 were put in backwards".
    However the quality of the information in this book remains the same.


  13. "...inscribed as follows: 'To BARRY, you KNOW me NEVER LIE aNd this Book tells the tRutH. YOURS iN DevoLution, Booji Boy xo We?re all Devo'. "

  14. "To Steve, You Are What You READ Booji Boy oXo".
  15. Sculatti, Gene and Joe Robinson (editors). “Devo: Advertisement”. WAXPAPER! Volume 4, Number 6. p22. (1979, June 8).
    "DEVO's Self-Advertisement". (Cover pic:
    (TOC pic:
    "Contents Copyright © 1979 Warner Bros. Records Inc."

  16. “Waxpaper - Volume #: 4, Issue #: 6” Johan Kugelberg punk collection, circa 1974-1986. Collection Number: 8060 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections Cornell University Library.

  17. “Devo Booji Boy ad: "My Struggle". WAXPAPER: VOLUME 4, No. 6: June 8, 1979 (Mark Knopfler, Devo, Bootsy).

  18. My Struggle by Booji Boy and Mark Mothersbaugh. [Ebook.] Open Library. Internet Archive.

  19. Booji Boy. My Struggle. NEO Rubber Band Publication, Cleveland, 1978.
    "mystruggle.pdf" Dropbox. PDF shared by Maxwell DeVo.

  20. My Struggle Unbound – a digital edition meticulously produced by “My Struggle Unbound Consortium” and available through Booji Boy’s Basement.


  22. Debbie David, Editor. "Incentive or Substitute: A Review of My Struggle By Booji Boy". BEAUTIFUL WORLD. Issue 10. (1988, March).

  23. "THE OVOFILE Vol. 1 #1 ($2 from Trevor Blake, PO Box 23061, Knoxville, TN 37933-1061): This is intended to be an interim zine between issues of Trevor's OVO. This issue has a long review of MY STRUGGLE WITH BOOJIE* BOY, including quite a few excerpts. There's also his current list of addresses and some thoughts on OVO and other projects."

  24. "Zines: OVO."
    (*This phonetic spelling of Booji Boy is included in the NT album inner/dust sleeve.)

  25. My Struggle, Booji Boy: A Frank, in Depth Documentary Dealing with the Spiritual Rubberization of a Spud Boy from the Tire Town. 1978. R.J.S.(Publisher). WorldCat.


  27. "DEVO (The De-evolution Band) 'How LOW can you go!' featuring Boogie Boy, China Man, Jungle Jim, & The Clown" Page 9 Advertisements. Daily Kent Stater. (1975, April 4). KSU library online archive. (From

  28. Punk Diary, 1970-1979: The Ultimate Complete Day-By-Day Reference Guide to Punk by George Gimarc (1994). "They come out in their costumes as Booji Boy, The Clown, Jungle Jim and The Chinaman. In the liner notes to the 1992 Ryko CD release The Mongoloid Years,' Mark remembers, 'using homemade electronic drums, and a mini-moog, a clavinet, a customized lobotomized Hagstrom guitar, and bass, we proceed to torture stoned urban hippies with 'performance art' way before that label even existed..."

  29. Devo Live Guide 1973 to 1977.

  30. "The Men Who Make the Music" - excerpt. 05/28/79 -Nippon Budokan Hall, Tokyo, Japan. YouTube.

  31. Devo Live Guide 1979.

  32. "Beautiful World - Devo / Booji Boy Sundance Film Festival 1996". The Arena, Park City, UT. Uploaded to YouTube by MrSlapyourmammy. Mark wanted this to be DEVO's last show.

  33. Zabagabee: The Best of Barnes & Barnes (1987) 19:00"-19:45"

  34. Booji Boy. "Booji Boy Announces HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014!" Part 1 of 4. Uploaded to YouTube by Michael Pilmer. (2014, April 29).
  35. Booji Boy. "Booji Boy Announces HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014!" Part 2 of 4. Uploaded to YouTube by Michael Pilmer. (2014, May 2).
  36. Booji Boy. "Booji Boy Announces HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014!" Part 3 of 4. Uploaded to YouTube by Michael Pilmer. (2014, May 6).
  37. Booji Boy. "Booji Boy Announces HARDCORE DEVO Tour 2014!" Part 4 of 4. Uploaded to YouTube by Michael Pilmer. (2014, May 13).

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Be Stiff EP (1978) | E-Z Listening Disc (1987) | Now It Can Be Told: DEVO at the Palace (1989) | Hardcore DEVO Vol. 1 74-77 (1990) | Hardcore DEVO Vol. 2 1974-1977 (1991) | DEVO Live: The Mongoloid Years (1992) | DEV-O Live (1999) | Recombo DNA (2000) | Live In Central Park (2004) | DEVO Live 1980 (2005) | New Traditionalists: Live 1981 Seattle (2012) | Something ELSE for Everybody  (2013) | Miracle Witness Hour  (2014) | Live at Max's Kansas City - November 15, 1977  (2014) | Butch Devo and the Sundance Gig  (2014) | Hardcore DEVO Live!  (2015) | Art Devo 1973-1977  (2023)
In The Beginning Was The End: The Truth About De-Evolution (1976) | The Men Who Make The Music (1981) | Human Highway (1982) | We're All DEVO (1984) | The Complete Truth About De-Evolution (1993) | DEVO Live (2004) | DEVO Live In The Land Of The Rising Sun (2004) | DEVO Live 1980 (2005) | Butch Devo and the Sundance Gig  (2014) | Hardcore DEVO Live!  (2015)
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